Acta de Investigación Psicológica
Cross-Cultural comparison, Attachment, Conflict resolution, Marital satisfaction, Cultural dimensions
The aim of this study was to compare levels of attachment, conflict resolution strategies and marital satisfaction in women from Israel, United States, Turkey, and Spain (N = 343). A sample of individuals involved in a romantic relationship at ages 18-68 (M = 35.4, SD = 11.83) completed measures of attachment dimensions, conflict resolution strategies, and marital satisfaction. Tucker Phi coefficients revealed the same structure of the scales across all countries. Mean comparisons were used. Differences were observed among women from Israel, Turkey, USA, and Spain in attachment (avoidant and anxiety), as well as in own conflict resolution strategies and in perception of partner’s conflict resolution strategies. In individualistic countries, women reported using conflict withdrawal to a higher extent. Women from collectivistic cultures showed higher levels of avoidant attachment and of use of demand strategy. No cultural differences in women’s marital satisfaction were observed. Results are discussed in light of the combined possible effects of cultural dimensions and individual variables.
This research was supported by a pre-doctoral grant from the Education Department of the Basque Government (PRE_2016_1_0138), the Gipuzkoa Provincial Council (DG17/04), the University of the Basque Country (EHU16/38), and Basque Government Research Groups (IT-1187-19).
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© Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2019
Bretaña, I.; Alonso-Arbiol, I.; Lavy, S.; and Zhang, F. (2019). Attachment, Conflict Resolution, Marital Satisfaction, and Culture in Women. Acta de Investigación Psicológica 9(3): 67-78. https://doi.org/10.22201/fpsi.20074719e.2019.3.323