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Historical Journal of Massachusetts


This article investigates the formation of the Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts (CLUM) in the early twentieth century. This organization evolved as a reaction to local and national events, including the Palmer Raids and the wider Red Scare following World War I, as well as the Anti-Anarchy Bill passed by the Massachusetts General Court in the wake of the Roxbury “red riot” and the Lawrence textile mill strike. Unlike similar groups in other states, the CLUM began as a unit of another progressive association, the League for Democratic Control, before emerging as an independent group. This research is drawn from the author’s dissertation, which focused on civil liberties in Boston, 1915-45.


© Institute for Massachusetts Studies, Westfield State University