The Journal of Development Studies
This paper explores the implications of women’s work in agriculture in Telangana, a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. I suggest that higher capital costs for cultivators post-liberalization increased the pressure to contain wage costs in a region where women form the majority of the agricultural wage labour force. Under such conditions, when women perform both own-cultivation as well as agricultural wage work in the fields of others, they face pressure to restrict bargaining for higher wages, contributing to a widening gender wage gap. To the extent that wages shape intra-household bargaining power, the empowering effect of workforce participation for such women would thus be blunted. From available NSS data I provide some preliminary evidence in support of this argument.
© 2011 Taylor & Francis
Rao, S. (2011). Work and Empowerment: Women and Agriculture in South India. The Journal of Development Studies 47(2): 294-315. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2010.506910